STATE LEGISLATURES MAGAZINE
This Month's Statehouse Photo
This month's photo is of the South Carolina State House in Columbia.
The original State House was in Charleston from 1753 to 1786 when the more centrally-located Columbia was chosen as the new Capitol. It was burned by General William T. Sherman's army during the Civil War and, due to the state's periolous post-war financial situation, was not rebuilt until 1903 and the completely renovated in 1998 to bring the structure up to current building codes at a cost of over $51 million. Much of the historical form an appearance were preserved, such as the 19th century treatment of the lobby, the vaulted brickwork in the hallways of the lower floor, the restored marble floors and refurbished interior of the dome.
25 Years Ago
Articles from the October 1988 issue of State Legislatures:
VYING FOR VOTES
Legislators from Florida to Oregon are scrambling to tip the balance to their side or hang on to their majority.
BUSH AND DUKAKIS ON FEDERALISM
The two presidential candidates answer questions from State Legislatures magazine about the relationship between the federal government and the states.
BREAKING THE CYCLE OF CRIME AND ADDICTION
The Bureau of Justice Assistance is spending about $6.4 million over three years to help states set up drug treatment programs in prisons and jails in an attempt to break the cycle of crime and drug and alcohol abuse.
Did you know …
Before the State House in Boston was built on what is known as the “Governor’s Pasture,” the land belonged to John Hancock and was home to grazing cows. The Capitol sat at King and State streets in Boston before the American Revolution, but after the war, leaders proposed the construction of a larger and more elegant structure to house the state Legislature. Thus began the construction of a new State House in 1795 on Hancock’s property. The iconic gilded dome, however, was initially of more modest decorum—wooden and covered with whitewashed shingles. A series of renovations to it began in 1802 when it was layered with copper to prevent damaging leaks. The dome was next painted gray, then gold, and finally covered with gold leaf in 1874, as it has remained since.
—“Fifty State Capitols” by Jim Stembridge and “A Celebration of State Capitols” by Richard R. Gibson